About the GRE
WHAT DOES THE GRE MEASURE?
The GRE is an aptitude test. Like all aptitude tests, it must choose a medium
in which to measure intellectual ability. The GRE has chosen math
OK, the GRE is an aptitude test. The question is—does it
measure aptitude for
graduate school? The GRE’s ability to predict performance
in school is as
poor as the SAT's. This is to be expected since the tests are written
same company (ETS) and are similar. The GRE’s verbal section,
significantly harder (more big words), and, surprisingly, the GRE’s
section is slightly easier. The GRE also includes a writing section
SAT does not.
No test can measure all aspects of intelligence. Thus any admission test, no matter how
well written, is inherently inadequate. Nevertheless, some form of admission testing is
necessary. It would be unfair to base acceptance to graduate school solely on grades; they
can be misleading. For instance, would it be fair to admit a student with an A average
earned in easy classes over a student with a B average earned in difficult classes? A
school's reputation is too broad a measure to use as admission criteria: many students seek
out easy classes and generous instructors, in hopes of inflating their GPA. Furthermore, a
system that would monitor the academic standards of every class would be cost
prohibitive and stifling. So until a better system is proposed, the admission test is here to
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FORMAT OF THE GRE
The GRE is approximately four hours long. Only three-hours-and-ten-minutes
of the test count toward your score--the experimental section is not scored.
experimental section is not scored. There are six sections in the
Verbal (2 sections, each 30 minutes); Math (2 sections, each 35 minutes); Writing (2 sections, each 30 minutes); Experimental, which can be Verbal, Math.
The experimental section can be a verbal section or a math section.
know which section is experimental. You will know which type of
is, though, since there will be an extra one of that type.
Because the "bugs" have not been worked out of the experimental section--or, to put it
more directly, because you are being used as a guinea pig to work out the "bugs"--this
portion of the GRE is often more difficult and confusing than the other parts.
Knowing that the experimental section can be disproportionately difficult, if you do poorly
on a particular section you can take some solace in the hope that it may have been the
experimental section. In other words, do not allow one difficult section to discourage your
performance on the rest of the GRE.
THE CAT AND THE PAPER-AND-PENCIL TEST
The computerized GRE uses the same type of questions as the old paper-and-pencil test. The only difference is the medium, that is the way the questions are presented.
There are advantages and disadvantages to the CAT. Probably the biggest advantages are that you can take the CAT just about any time and you can take it in a small room with just a few other people--instead of in a large auditorium with hundreds of other stressed people. One the other hand, you cannot return to previously answered questions, it is easier to misread a computer screen than it is to misread printed material, and it can be distracting looking back and forth from the computer screen to your scratch paper.
Although time is limited on the GRE, working too quickly can damage your score.
Many problems hinge on subtle points, and most require careful reading of the setup.
Because undergraduate school puts such heavy reading loads on students, many will
follow their academic conditioning and read the questions quickly, looking only for the
gist of what the question is asking. Once they have found it, they mark their answer and
move on, confident they have answered it correctly. Later, many are startled to discover
that they missed questions because they either misread the problems or overlooked subtle
To do well in your undergraduate classes, you had to attempt to solve every, or nearly every, problem on a test. Not so with the GRE. In fact, if you try to solve every problem on this test you will probably damage your score. For the vast majority of people, the key to performing well on the GRE is not the number of questions they solve, within reason, but the percentage they solve correctly.
SCORING THE GRE
The three major parts of the test are scored independently. You will receive
a verbal score, a math score, and a writing score. The verbal and
range from 200 to 800. The writing score is on a scale from 0 to
addition to the scaled score, you will be assigned a percentile
which gives the percentage of students with scores below yours.
SKIPPING AND GUESSING
On the GRE, you cannot skip questions; each question must be
answered before moving to the next question. However, if you can eliminate even
one of the answer-choices, guessing can be advantageous. Unfortunately, you
cannot return to previously answered questions.
On the GRE, your first question will be of medium difficulty. If
you answer it correctly, the next question will be a little harder. If you
again answer it correctly, the next question will be harder still, and so on. If
your GRE skills are strong and you are not making any mistakes, you should reach
the medium-hard or hard problems by about the fifth problem. Although this is
not very precise, it can be quite helpful. Once you have passed the fifth
question, you should be alert to subtleties in any seemingly simple
Often students become obsessed with a particular problem and
waste time trying to solve it. To get a top score, learn to cut your losses and
move on. The exception to this rule is the first five questions of each section.
Because of the importance of the first five questions to your score, you should
read and solve these questions slowly and carefully.
If you are running out of time, randomly guess on the remaining
questions. This is unlikely to harm your score. In fact, if you do not obsess
about particular questions (except for the first five), you probably will have
plenty of time to solve a sufficient number of questions.
Because the total number of questions answered contributes to the
calculation of your score, you should answer ALL the questions--even if this
means guessing randomly before time runs out.
THE "2 OUT OF 5" RULE
It is significantly harder to create a good but incorrect answer-choice than it is to produce
the correct answer. For this reason usually only two attractive answer-choices are offered.
One correct; the other either intentionally misleading or only partially correct. The other
three answer-choices are usually fluff. This makes educated guessing on the GRE
immensely effective. If you can dismiss the three fluff choices, your probability of
answering the question successfully will increase from 20% to 50%.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
When is the GRE given?
The GRE is given year-round.
How important is the GRE and how is it used?
It is crucial! Although graduate schools may consider other factors, the vast majority of
admission decisions are based on only two criteria: your GRE score and your GPA.
How many times should I take the GRE?
Most people are better off preparing thoroughly for the GRE, taking it one time and getting
their top score. You can take the test as many times as you like, but many graduate schools will
average your scores. You should call the schools to which you are applying to find out
their policy. Then plan your strategy accordingly.
Can I cancel my score?
Yes. You can cancel your score immediately after the test but
before you see your score. You can take the GRE only once a
Where can I get the registration forms?
Most colleges and universities have the forms. You can also get them directly from ETS
by writing to:
Graduate Record Examinations
Educational Testing Service
P. O. Box 6000
Princeton, NJ 08541-6000